Three Steps To Maintaining Your Water Well

Posted on: 24 February 2015

A water well system can serve as an excellent water source for your home. This is especially true in more rural areas where access to traditional utility connections might be difficult or impossible. While a water well system is relatively easy to maintain, this is not to say that you don't have to put forth any effort on your own.


Cleaning is one of the most important maintenance tools. Overtime, dirt, dust, and other debris can make their way into your water well, often settling at the bottom of it. Cleaning is the only way to remove these types of debris from the water well. Well cleaning typically begins with the removal of any debris that are contributing to bacterial activity.

Afterwards, the well is brushed clean and a disinfectant, such as chlorine, is applied. If you notice a difference in the taste of your water, a slower flow or if the water is cloudy, these are generally signs that you need to clean the system. An annual cleaning is a good place to begin.


Generally, the first part of testing involves an anaerobic bacteria test or a coliform test. Both of these tests provide results on the bacterial activity inside the well. The presence of E.coli and other harmful bacteria can be highlighted in these types of test.

Additionally, most local health departments will also suggest more testing based on specific concerns for your local area. It's imperative that you have your well tested at least once per year. However, if you have individuals in the home that have had recurring problems with gastrointestinal issues or you have elderly or infants in the home, more frequent testing is often suggested.


The final step of proper water well maintenance begins with having your water treated. There is somewhat of a misconception that you only need to have your water treated if high levels of bacteria are detected. However, all well water can be treated. While this is not to say you can't drink ground water, treated water just serves as an additional layer of protection.

Treatment typically consist of a distillation system, filtration system or a water softener. A well contractor can help you determine which method is best based on your needs. By treating the well water, contaminants will be removed and the taste of the water will be improved.

Working with a professional to complete these tasks is very important. A water well contractor can help you resolve any water quality problems you may encounter and perform an inspection on your unit to ensure all components are operating efficiently.